Author bio

Romain Gary

Romain Gary - book author

Romain Gary was a Jewish-French novelist, film director, World War II aviator and diplomat. He also wrote under the pen name Émile Ajar.

Born Roman Kacew (Yiddish: קצב, Russian: Кацев), Romain Gary grew up in Vilnius to a family of Lithuanian Jews. He changed his name to Romain Gary when he escaped occupied France to fight with Great Britain against Germany in WWII. His father, Arieh-Leib Kacew, abandoned his family in 1925 and remarried. From this time Gary was raised by his mother, Nina Owczinski. When he was fourteen, he and his mother moved to Nice, France. In his books and interviews, he presented many different versions of his father's origin, parents, occupation and childhood.

He later studied law, first in Aix-en-Provence and then in Paris. He learned to pilot an aircraft in the French Air Force in Salon-de-Provence and in Avord Air Base, near Bourges. Following the Nazi occupation of France in World War II, he fled to England and under Charles de Gaulle served with the Free French Forces in Europe and North Africa. As a pilot, he took part in over 25 successful offensives logging over 65 hours of air time.

He was greatly decorated for his bravery in the war, receiving many medals and honours.

After the war, he worked in the French diplomatic service and in 1945 published his first novel. He would become one of France's most popular and prolific writers, authoring more than thirty novels, essays and memoirs, some of which he wrote under the pseudonym of Émile Ajar. He also wrote one novel under the pseudonym of Fosco Sinibaldi and another as Shatan Bogat.

In 1952, he became secretary of the French Delegation to the United Nations in New York, and later in London (in 1955).

In 1956, he became Consul General of France in Los Angeles.

He is the only person to win the Prix Goncourt twice. This prize for French language literature is awarded only once to an author. Gary, who had already received the prize in 1956 for Les racines du ciel, published La vie devant soi under the pseudonym of Émile Ajar in 1975. The Académie Goncourt awarded the prize to the author of this book without knowing his real identity. A period of literary intrigue followed. Gary's little cousin Paul Pavlowitch posed as the author for a time. Gary later revealed the truth in his posthumous book Vie et mort d'Émile Ajar.

Gary's first wife was the British writer, journalist, and Vogue editor Lesley Blanch (author of The Wilder Shores of Love). They married in 1944 and divorced in 1961. From 1962 to 1970, Gary was married to the American actress Jean Seberg, with whom he had a son, Alexandre Diego Gary.

He also co-wrote the screenplay for the motion picture, The Longest Day and co-wrote and directed the 1971 film Kill!, starring his now ex-wife Seberg.

Suffering from depression after Seberg's 1979 suicide, Gary died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound on December 2, 1980 in Paris, France though he left a note which said specifically that his death had no relation with Seberg's suicide.

Romain Gary is the author of books: خداحافظ گاری کوپر, زندگی در پیش رو, Promise at Dawn, The Kites, Lady L, Éducation européenne / La vie devant soi, Clair de Femme, Gros-Câlin, The Roots of Heaven, پرندگان می‌روند در پرو می‌میرند


Author books

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Title
Description
01
حالا همه‌چیز به رنگ خاکستری بنفش متمایل بود و برف شل و چسبنده‌. سرما به همه جای آدم سر می‌کشید و دنبال قلب می‌گشت. در اطرافشان کوچکترین اثری از حرکت محسوس نبود. سکونی بود که انسان را فرو می‌بلعید و مغز را که هنوز زنده بود و آنها همه در شخص دیگری می‌گذشت. دیگر نه در درون انسان اثری از کثافت‌کاری‌های روانی بود نه در بیرون. لنی کم‌کم داشت به قدری به این مسائل بی‌اعتنا می‌شد که حتی امکان داشت برگردد و...
02
زندگی در پیش‌رو، داستان زندگی پسری چهارده‌ساله است به نام «محمد» که مومو خوانده می‌شود. مادر مومو فاحشه بوده، و فاحشه‌ها در فرانسه حق پرورش فرزند خویش را ندارند، مومو نزد «مادام رُزا» زندگی می‌کند. مادام رزا، پیرزن یهودی لهستانی‌الاصلی‌ست که خود در جوانی فاحشه بوده است. در سال‌های جنگ جهانی دوم در «آشویتس» اردوگاه نازی‌ها اسیر بوده پس از جنگ در فرانسه اقامت می‌‌گُزیند و حالا به وقتِ پیری، در ازای دریافتِ ماهانه‌‌ای اندک از چند بچه‌ی مادر ج... نگه‌داری می‌کند. داستان از زبان مومو روایت می‌شود، خواننده از نگاه او با محله‌های فقیر و خارجی‌‌نشینِ پاریس آشنا می‌شود. مومو روایت‌گرِ درد و رنج و خشونتِ حاکم بر انسان‌هاست. او بچه‌ای‌ست که هم‌چون دیگران در این محله، بار غیرقابلِ تحملِ هستی را بر دوش می‌کشد، اما دنیا را به سان آنها نمی‌بیند. زندگی برایش سئوال است، می‌خواهد همه‌چیز را بداند. عشقِ بزرگش دانستن است و همین ذهن‌ کنجکاو است، راوی درون و بیرون.
03
'Promise at Dawn' begins as the story of a mother's sacrifice. Alone and poor, she fights fiercely to give her son the very best. Gary chronicles his childhood with her in Russia, Poland, and on the French Riviera. And he recounts his adventurous life as a young man fighting for France in the Second World War. But above all, he tells the story of the love for his mother that was his very life, their secret and private planet, their wonderland "born out of a mother's murmur into a child's ear, a promise whispered at dawn of future triumphs and greatness, of justice and love."


A romantic, thrilling memoir that has become a French classic.
04
On a small farm in Normandy, as Hitler rises to power in Germany, young Ludo comes of age in the care of his Uncle Ambrose, an eccentric mailman, kite-maker, and pacifist. Ludo’s quiet existence changes the day he meets Lila, a girl from the aristocratic Polish family who own the estate next door. In a single glance, Ludo instantly falls in love forever; Lila, on the other hand, remains elusive. Thus begins Ludo’s adventure of longing, passion, and steadfast love for Lila, who begins to reciprocate his feelings just as Europe descends into war. After Germany invades Poland, Lila and her family disappear, and Ludo’s journey to save her from the Nazis becomes a journey to save his loved ones, his country, and ultimately himself.


Filled with unforgettable characters—an indomitable chef who believes Michelin stars are more enduring than military conquests; a Jewish brothel Madam who reinvents everything about herself during the war; a piano virtuoso turned RAF pilot—The Kites is Romain Gary’s poetic call for resistance in whatever form it takes.
05
На своя 80-ти рожден ден Лейди Л., един от стълбовете на Британската империя, гранд-дама, превърнала се в символ на достолепие, аристократизъм, разюздан лукс и здрав разум, почитана родителка, дала на Империята министър, епископ, полковник от Кралския полк и виден банкер, започва смайващ разказ пред почтения сър Пърси Родинър, по английски дискретно влюбен в нея от 40 години. Разказ за печално известната парижка улица "Жид", за уличните момичета, за любовта-мълния, която поразява за цял живот, за идеалисти, кроящи планове за атентати "върху мазна хартия, по която още се въргаляше кръглооката глава на маринована херинга", за мазета, пълни с объркани човеколюбци, които нямат време да остареят, за любимия, изгарящ в страст и за своята вечна битка с най-омразната съперница - човечеството...
06
Educação europeia é o primeiro romance publicado de Romain Gary, escrito ainda durante a guerra, quando Gary era navegador da esquadrilha Lorraine das Forças Francesas Livres, foi publicado em 1945 e ganhou o Prémio dos Críticos. Classificado por Maurice Nadeau como «o romance» da Resistência, foi traduzido para 27 línguas.

Educação europeia narra a história de um jovem adolescente lituano polaco de 14 anos, Janek Twardowski, que vive refugiado na floresta e se junta a um grupo partisan para sobreviver e lutar contra a ocupação nazi.

Neste conto moral, cruel e otimista, Janek conhecerá o frio, a fome, a traição e a morte, mas também o amor, junto da sua jovem amiga Zosia. Como diz o chefe partisan Dobranski, «a Europa teve sempre as melhores e mais belas universidades (…), elas foram o berço da civilização (…) mas há também uma outra educação europeia, a que recebemos hoje: os pelotões de execução, a escravatura, a tortura, a violação - a destruição de tudo o que torna a vida bela. É a hora das trevas.»

Com os seus camaradas de infortúnio, a sua simplicidade e generosidade, Janek aprenderá o valor da amizade e a crença no Homem.
08
Lorsqu'on a besoin d'étreinte pour être comblé dans ses lacunes, autour des épaules surtout, et dans le creux des reins, et que vous prenez trop conscience des deux bras qui vous manquent, un python de deux mètres vingt fait merveille. Gros-Câlin est capable de m'étreindre ainsi pendant des heures et des heures. Gros-Câlin paraît au Mercure de France en 1974. Il met en scène un employé de bureau qui, à défaut de trouver l'amour chez ses contemporains, s'éprend d'un python. L'auteur de ce premier roman, fable émouvante sur la solitude de l'homme moderne, est un certain Emile Ajar. La version publiée à l'époque ne correspond pas tout à fait au projet initial de son auteur qui avait en effet accepté d'en modifier la fin. On apprendra plus tard que derrière Emile Ajar se cache le célèbre Romain Gary. Dans son ouvrage posthume, Vie et mort d'Emile Ajar, il explique l'importance que revêt, à ses yeux et au regard de son œuvre, la fin initiale de Gros-Câlin. Il suggère qu'elle puisse un jour être publiée séparément... Réalisant le souhait de l'auteur, cette nouvelle édition qui paraît aujourd'hui reprend le roman Gros-Câlin dans la version de 1974, et donne en supplément toute la fin " écologique ", retranscrite à partir du manuscrit original. --Ce texte fait référence à l'édition Broché .
09
"Well, I finally got an idea. When he fails, do like me: think about free elephant ride through Africa for hundreds and hundreds of wonderful animals that nothing could be built—either a wall or a fence of barbed wire—passing large open spaces and crush everything in its path, and destroying everything—while they live, nothing is able to stop them—what freedom and! And even when they are no longer alive, who knows, perhaps continue to race elsewhere still free. So you begin to torment your claustrophobia, barbed wire, reinforced concrete, complete materialism imagine herds of elephants of freedom, follow them with his eyes never left them on their run and will see you soon feel better ... "

For the novel The Roots of Heaven, Gary received the Prix Goncourt for fiction. Translated and republished in many countries around the world, the novel was finally published in Bulgarian. A film version by John Huston starring Juliette Gréco, Errol Flynn, and Howard Trevard was released in 1958.
10
مجموعه ی پنج داستان با عناوین:

پرندگان می روند در پرو می میرند
بشر دوست
ملالی نیست جز دوری شما
همشهری کبوتر
کهن ترین داستان جهان